Italian (About this sound italiano (help·info) [itaˈljaːno] or lingua italiana [ˈliŋɡwa itaˈljaːna]) is a Romance dialect. Italian is by most measures, together with the Sardinian dialect, the nearest dialect to Vulgar Latin of the Romance languages.[12] Italian is an official dialect in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia). It used to have official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, and a few sections of France, (for example, Corsica, Nice, Savoie), Greece (Ionian Islands and Dodecanese), and Montenegro (Kotor), where it is still generally talked, and also in previous Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa areas where it assumes a huge job in different parts. Italian is likewise talked by expansive ostracize networks in the Americas and Australia.[13] It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia and Romania.[14] Many speakers are local bilinguals of both institutionalized Italian and other provincial languages.[15]

Italian is a noteworthy European dialect, being one of the official dialects of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working dialects of the Council of Europe. It is the third most broadly talked first dialect in the European Union with 69 million local Router (13% of the EU populace) and it is talked as a second dialect by 16 million EU natives (3%).[1] Including Italian speakers in non-EU European nations, (for example, Switzerland and Albania) and on different mainlands, the aggregate number of speakers is around 90 million.[16] Italian is the primary working dialect of the Holy See, filling in as the most widely used language (basic dialect) in the Roman Catholic chain of importance and in addition the official dialect of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Italian is known as the dialect of music on account of its utilization in melodic phrasing and musical show. Its impact is additionally broad in expressions of the human experience and in the extravagance products showcase. Italian has been accounted for as the fourth or fifth most every now and again showed outside dialect in the world.[17]

Italian was embraced by the state after the Unification of Italy, having beforehand been an abstract dialect dependent on Tuscan as talked generally by the high society of Florentine society.[18] Its improvement was likewise impacted by other Italian dialects and to some minor degree, by the Germanic dialects of the post-Roman intruders. The joining into Italian of took in words from its own predecessor dialect, Latin, is another type of lexical acquiring through the impact of composed dialect, logical phrasing and the ceremonial dialect of the Church. All through the Middle Ages and into the early present day time frame, most proficient Italians were likewise educated in Latin; and along these lines they effortlessly embraced Latin words into their composition—and in the end discourse—in Italian. Its vowels are the second-nearest to Latin after Sardinian.[19][20] As in most Romance dialects, stretch is particular at the same time, in contrast to most other Romance dialects, Italian holds Latin’s difference among short and long consonants.[21] Almost all words and syllables complete with unadulterated vowels, a factor that makes Italian a “characteristic melodic language”.During the Middle Ages, the set up composed dialect in Europe was Latin, however the extraordinary greater part of individuals were ignorant, and just a bunch were knowledgeable in the dialect. In the Italian promontory, as in the vast majority of Europe, most would rather talk a nearby vernacular. These vernaculars (as they are normally alluded to) were conceived from Vulgar Latin through the span of hundreds of years, advancing normally unaffected by formal models and lessons. They are in no sense “vernaculars of” standard Italian, that itself began off being one of these nearby tongues, however sister dialects of Italian. Common coherence with Italian changes broadly, as it does with Romance dialects all in all. The Romance vernaculars of Italy can vary enormously from Italian at all levels (phonology, morphology, grammar, vocabulary, pragmatics) and are ordered typologically as unmistakable languages.[24][25]

The standard Italian dialect has a lovely and scholarly birthplace in the works of Tuscan journalists of the twelfth century, and, despite the fact that the sentence structure and center vocabulary are fundamentally unaltered from those utilized in Florence in the thirteenth century,[26] the advanced standard of the dialect was to a great extent molded by moderately late occasions. Be that as it may, Romance vernacular as dialect talked in the Apennine promontory has a more extended history. Truth be told, the soonest surviving writings that can be called vernacular (as particular from its forerunner Vulgar Latin) are lawful formulae known as the Placiti Cassinesi from the Province of Benevento that date from 960– 963, despite the fact that the Veronese Riddle, presumably from the eighth or mid ninth century, contains a late type of Vulgar Latin that can be viewed as an early example of a vernacular tongue of Italy.[27]

The dialect that came to be thought of as Italian created in focal Tuscany and was first formalized in the mid fourteenth century through crafted by Tuscan essayist Dante Alighieri, written in his local Florentine. Dante’s epic sonnets, referred to aggregately as the Commedia, to which another Tuscan writer Giovanni Boccaccio later joined the title Divina, were perused all through the promontory and his composed lingo turned into the “accepted standard” that every single taught Italian could get it. Dante is as yet credited with institutionalizing the Italian dialect. Notwithstanding the broad presentation increased through writing, the Florentine vernacular additionally picked up eminence due to the political and social centrality of Florence at the time and the way that it was phonetically a middle of the road between the northern and the southern Italian dialects.[24]:22 Thus the tongue of Florence turned into the reason for what might turn into the official dialect of Italy.

Grids & Structure

We deploy grid-based layouts ‘behind the scenes’ in all our basic skins. The idea behind these layouts is to provide your website with a solid visual and structural balance from the word go.

These layout structures offer ample flexibility and enhance the visual experience for your visitors, and introduces an easy-to-follow consistency across your site, while allowing you to create and update both design and content in a well thought-out, standardised framework within the constraints of the browser.

Grid-based layouts on the web

There are many resources available if this topic sparks your interest:


Although it’s not always possible we do aim for a certain consistency when it comes to structuring a Tank site. We follow established naming conventions to enable logical hooks into the underlying structure of all our basic skins:

  • header
  • navigation
  • canvas
  • content
  • sidebar
  • footer

If you are familiar with CSS you can edit the properties of the underlying structure of your site easily.

Navigation & Architecture

The idea behind most navigation in a Tank site is that of context-sensitivity - which boils down to the fact that navigation will appear when and where is required. If you add a portfolio images will be thumb-nailed for you and be immediately navigable to larger views of the uploaded media. If you add a blog date archives, categories and RSS feeds will be present automagically. All you need to do is consider your content, and what you want to do with it.

Information architecture

Besides this approach the following options are available to further architect your information according to your requirements.

Global navigation

Content grouped into the global navigation is usually accessible via the menu structure in the header of a site and demarcates the most important information on your site. The good stuff goes here.

Utility navigation

Content grouped into the utility navigation is usually accessible via the menu structure in the footer of a site and demarcates the necessary or additional information on your site. Everything else goes here.

Hidden navigation

You can also set content to ‘hidden’ which means it’s only accessible if you either link to it or tell someone where to find it.

A blend between these three options enables you to build almost any site any way you want.

Text & Typography

We use a text-to-HTML conversion tool - a filter - that allows you to write using an easy-to-read, easy-to-write plain text format, which is converted it to structurally valid HTML for rendering on the web.

In a nutshell it means you use certain characters as formatting commands and you place these characters amongst your text to create certain effects (bolding text) and functionality (linking text).

E.g. headings

You can easily apply the full range of headers (h2 to h6) as follows:

# big heading
## smaller heading
##### smallest heading

E.g. formatting text

Formatting text - bolding text, italicizing text, or even striking text is quite simple. Simply use the basic formatting rules you’ve just seen and surround your text with the appropriate characters.


We utilise and deploy percentage-based text-sizing, popular font-stacks & web-safe fonts across all our sites. This means that your site is legible and readable from the get-go, but still customisable according to your specifications and personal taste.

There are many resources available if this topic sparks your interest. Please visit the links below for additional information:

Images & Galleries

There are two ways of displaying images in your site: ‘inline’ with the rest of your content, or in sortable collections in a dedicated ‘photo section’ of their own.

Inline images

Images attached to content appear ‘inline’; in other words in the content you place them. The image below has been placed just below this paragraph and is sized automatically according to the width of the container it’s placed in.

That means images look great no matter where you put them. No need to ‘size down’ anything - in fact we recommend uploading your images large enough to cater for higher resolutions.

Inline galleries & slide-shows

If multiple images are attached to content it is possible to ‘string’ these images together into an inline gallery or slideshow. It couldn’t be simpler or easier.

Collections of images

Images can also be placed in order-able collections inside a photo section - a slightly easier way to manage large sets of images as all images are thumb-nailed and placed automatically according to the dimensions of the current skin.